Arue Bernecker Beta Blair Booth 8
Brogdon Choquette Doni Dupuis
Brogdon Choquette Doni Dupuis Haas
Hall Lisa Loretta Lula Marcus
Hall Hardee Lisa Loretta Lula Marcus
Miguel Monroe Nadir Nesbitt Pinkerton
Miguel Monroe Nadir Nesbitt Oro Negro Pinkerton
Pollock Reed Ruehle Russell Simmonds Tonnage
Pollock Reed Ruehle Tonnage
Tower2 Tower2        
Tower2 Wilson      

Pine Island Nursery Picks:

Best Commercial Varieties

Early: Doni, Simmonds

Mid: Miguel, Beta

Late: Monroe, Choquette

Best Dooryard Varieties

Early: Simmonds

Mid: Miguel

Late: Choquette

Cold Hardy Varieties

Bacon (22-25F)

Brogdon (22-25 F)

Haas (22-25F)

Hall (24-26 F)

Lula (24-26 F)

Marcus (22-25F)

Monroe (24-26 F)

Pinkerton (22-25F)

The avocado is a rather unusual fruit that eats like a vegetable. In Florida's early days it was known as Alligator Pear, and it still is by many growers throughout the South. It is the only important edible fruit of the Laurel family, Lauraceae.

Botanists have classified the avocado into three groups or races. They are the Guatemalan, Mexican, and West Indian. All three races are grown in both Florida and California, but it is the West Indian type that dominates the commercial scene in Florida and the Mexican that dominates in California.

Avocadoes have two flowering types, A and B. It is a common misconception that avocadoes are either male or female plants. All avocadoes are self pollinating, and the male and female flowers occur on the same tree. The avocado is unusual in that the timing of the male and female phases differs from variety to variety. Each avocado flower is open for two days. The type A varieties open female in the morning of the first day and male the afternoon of the second. The B type varieties open female in the afternoon of the first day and male in the morning of the second day.

It is absolutely unnecessary to have an A type and a B type present for pollination to occur. However some varieties do pollinate themselves better than others, and the varieties that have a low score for crop consistency, commercial planting, and home planting are among those varieties. Flower types are sometimes mixed in commercial groves to increase yield by an estimated 1-2%. That is an insignificant amount to a home gardener, but in a grove of several hundred acres it can impact the bottom line.


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Image Copyright 1998-2007 Ian Maguire UF/TREC
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